Podatkovne zbirke s področja humanistike in družboslovja: primer študentov univerze v Osijeku

Sanjica Faletar Tanacković

Povzetek

Izvleček

Namen: Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti, kako študenti Filozofske fakultete v Osjeku, Hrvaška (Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Osjeku, Hrvatska) razumejo in uporabljajo podatkovne zbirke s področja humanistike in družbenih ved.
Metodologija: Uporabljeni sta bili dve metodi (vprašalnik v tiskani obliki in delno strukturirani intervjuji), raziskava je zajela obdobje od oktobra 2016 do februarja 2017. V kvantitativno analizo je bilo vključenih 381 pravilno izpolnjenih vprašalnikov, obdelanih z uporabo statističnega paketa SPSS. Da bi ugotovili morebitne razlike med posameznimi skupinami v vzorcu, so bili, poleg opisne statistike, uporabljeni tudi Hi-kvadrat test, T-test, ANOVA, Mann-Whitneyev test in Kruskal Wallisov test. Statistične razlike so bile ugotovljene na ravni 95 %.
Rezultati: Čeprav 82,2 % oseb, ki so bile vključene v analizo meni, da so veščine, na katerih temelji informacijska pismenost, pomembne za doseganje dobrih študijskih rezultatov, jih je le 63 % odgovorilo, da so se v manjši meri formalno usposabljali na tem področju. Študenti so ocenili svoje veščine za iskanje po Googlu dokaj visoko (srednja vrednost 4,31) v primerjavi s samooceno veščin za iskanje po podatkovnih zbirkah s področja humanistike in družboslovnih ved (srednja vrednost 3,69), poleg tega pogosteje uporabljajo Google (53,8 %) kot podatkovne zbirke (25,1 %). Na vprašanje o težavah pri iskanju v podatkovnih zbirkah so navedli različne ovire: da že iz navade pogosteje uporabljajo Google (48 %), da imajo od doma omejen dostop (42,3 %), članki so v tujem jeziku (35,2 %), niso dovolj usposobljeni za iskanje (35,2 %). Na splošno rezultati raziskave kažejo, da imajo študenti humanistike manj formalnega usposabljanja za informacijsko pismenost, so manj motivirani (zaradi zunanjih in notranjih dejavnikov) za uporabo podatkovnih zbirk in se pogosteje nagibajo k iskanju po Googlu tudi za študijske namene. Poleg tega rezultati kažejo tudi na razlike v razumevanju podatkovnih zbirk pri študentih posameznih znanstvenih disciplin.
Omejitve raziskave: Geografske omejitve in majhen vzorec.
Izvirnost/uporabnost raziskave: Rezultati lahko vplivajo na oblikovanje programov izobraževanja za informacijsko pismenost in na referenčne storitve knjižnice.

Ključne besede

akademske podatkovne zbirke, motivacija, zaznavanje, uporaba, humanistika in družbene vede, študenti, Hrvaška

Celotno besedilo:

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